Simultaneous Compensation of Active and Reactive Power in the Power System Using Grid-Connected Electric Vehicles
Keywords:Grid-connected electric vehicles, Particle swarm optimization algorithm, Reactive power compensation, Pollution
Network-connected electric vehicles, in addition to reducing pollution, have capabilities to assist power systems. One of the most important of these capabilities is responding to the needs of the network to produce active and reactive capabilities. In this paper, considering the network constraints, technical considerations and market prices, a theoretical framework for allocating the capacity of these vehicles is presented. For this purpose, a goal function with the approach of minimizing the costs paid by the distribution system operator or DSO to the manufacturer of each of the active and reactive capabilities is proposed. Due to the fact that the problem in question is in the form of an optimization problem, new innovative solutions have been added to the algorithm to solve it from the optimization algorithm and to prevent the algorithm from getting stuck in local optimizations. In this proposed format, vehicles compete with generators to generate active and reactive power. The efficiency of the proposed method is evaluated on a low voltage network feeder with 134 subscribers and in the presence of active and reactive power generation sources, and the amount of production and costs paid for each manufacturer are determined.
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