Methods of Predicting Hydrates Formation


  • Alireza Bozorgian Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran



Hydrate, Energy, Natural gas, Hydrogen bonding, Molecule


Natural gas is one of the most important sources of energy supply in the current day and future and Iran is known as the second country with natural gas reserves. One of the main problems in the transfer of natural gas is the creation of hydrate in the pipelines and the blockage of these special lines in the cold seasons and cold areas of garlic. The aim of this study was to investigate the different conditions of natural gas hydrate formation and optimize MEG consumption to prevent hydrate formation. Gas hydrate is a crystalline compound formed by the trapping of gas molecules in cavities resulting from the hydrogen bonding of water. In the absence of a guest molecule (trapped gas) the cavity is dynamically unstable. However, if the guest gas molecule is placed inside these cavities, the non-polar bond formed between the gas and the water molecule will stabilize the structure and cause the hydrate to form at a temperature above the freezing point of the water. In this type of crystals, there is no chemical bond between the water molecules and the trapped gas molecules and the only factor in the stability of the crystals is the hydrogen bond between the host molecules and van der Waals force between the host and guest molecules.


Bozorgian A, Arab Aboosadi Z, Mohammadi A, Honarvar B, Azimi A. Optimization of determination of CO2 gas hydrates surface tension in the presence of non-ionic surfactants and TBAC. Eurasia. Chem. Commun. 2020;2:420-426.

Mousavi E, Bozorgian A. Investigation the kinetics of CO2 hydrate formation in the water system + CTAB + TBAF + ZnO. Int. J. New Chem. 2020; in press.

Esmaeili Bidhendi M, Asadi Z, Bozorgian A, Shahhoseini A, Gabris MA, Shahabuddin S, Khanam R, Saidur R. New magnetic Co3O4/Fe3O4 doped polyaniline nanocomposite for the water samples. Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy 2019;e13306.

Bozorgian A, Samimi A. A review of kinetics of hydrate formation and the mechanism of the effect of the inhibitors on it. Int. J. New Chem. 2020; in press.

Mousavi SV, Bozorgian A, Mokhtari N, Gabris MA, Nodeh HR, Ibrahim WAW. A novel cyanopropylsilane-functionalized titanium oxide magnetic nanoparticle for the adsorption of nickel and lead ions from industrial wastewater: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Microchem. J. 2019;145:914-920.

Bozorgian A, Zarinabadi S, Samimi A. Preparation of xanthan magnetic biocompatible nano-composite for removal of Ni2+ from aqueous solution. Chem. Method. 2020;4:477-493.

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Bozorgian A, Arab Aboosadi Z, Mohammadi A, Honarvar B, Azimi A. Prediction of gas hydrate formation in industries. Prog. Chem. Biochem. Res. 2019;3:31-38.

Samimi A, Zarinabadi S, Bozorgian A. Optimization of corrosion information in oil and gas wells using electrochemical experiments. Int. J. New Chem. 2020; in press.

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Samimi A, Zarinabadi S, Bozorgian A, Amosoltani A, Tarkesh Esfahani MS, Kavousi K. Advances of membrane technology in acid gas removal in industries. Prog. Chem. Biochem. Res. 2020;3:46-54.

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Bozorgian A. Investigation and comparison of experimental data of ethylene dichloride adsorption by bagasse with adsorption isotherm models. Chem. Rev. Lett. 2020;3:79-85.

Kavousi K, Zarinabadi S, Bozorgian A. Optimization of the gasoline production plant in order to increase feed. Prog. Chem. Biochem. Res. 2020;3:7-19.

Bozorgian A, Nasab NM, Memari A. Buckling analysis of a five-walled CNT with nonlocal theory. Interaction 2011;1:4.

Raei B, Ghadi A, Bozorgian AR. Heat integration of heat exchangers network using pinch technology. In 19th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA, 2010.

Bozorgian A. The production of clay nano-composite epoxy and comparison of its properties with epoxy resins. Polymer 2012;2: 3.

Mashhadizadeh J, Bozorgian A, Azimi A. Investigation of the kinetics of formation of Clatrit-like dual hydrates TBAC in the presence of CTAB. Eurasia. Chem. Commun. 2020;2:536-547.

Bozorgian A, Nasab NM, Mirzazadeh H. Overall effect of nano clay on the physical mechanical properties of epoxy resin. World Acad. Sci. Engin. Technol. Int. J. Mater. Metallurg. Engin. 2011;5:21-24.

Farhami N, Bozorgian A. Factors affecting selection of tubes of heat exchanger. In Int. Conf. on Chem. and Chem. Process IPCBEE 2011;10:223-228.

Tarighaleslami AH, Bozorgian A, Raei B. Application of the exergy analysis in the petroleum refining processes optimization. In The 1st Territorial Chemistry and Industry Symposium, Lecture number: E-1097, Damghan, Iran, 2009.

Bozorgian A, Khadiv PP, Mousavian M. Simultaneous effects of ionic surfactant and salt on drop-interface coalescence. Iran. J. Chem. Engin. 2009;6:73-86.

Bozorgian A, Ghazinezhad M. A case study on causes of scale formation-induced damage in boiler tubes. J. Biochem. Tech. 2018;2:149-153.

Raei B, Ghadi A, Bozorgian AR. Heat integration of heat exchangers network using pinch technology. 19th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, CHISA, 2010 and 7th European Congress of Chemical Engineering, ECCE-7.




How to Cite

Bozorgian, A. (2020). Methods of Predicting Hydrates Formation. Advanced Journal of Science and Engineering, 1(2), 34–39.



Review Article